Ethical Principles In Nursing Ana Is Autonomy means to regulate itself, this moral principle as the basis for the nurse in providing nursing care by way of appreciating the patient, that the patient is able to determine something for him. The nurse should involve patients in making decisions about the nursing care given to patients.
prinsip autonomy based on the belief that the individual is capable of logical thinking and able to make your own decisions. Adults are deemed competent and have the power to make its own, vote and have different decision or choice that should be appreciated by others. The principle of autonomy is a form of respect towards a person, or is viewed as agreement does not force and act rationally. Autonomy is the right of independence and freedom of the individual claiming discrimination themselves. Professional practice reflects the autonomy when nurses appreciate client’s rights in making decisions about the care of himself.
The application of moral principles of autonomy in nursing care of this example is a nurse if inoculate must be informed as to what those drugs, the principle of autonomy is violated when a nurse does not specify an action of nursing was going to do, do not offer options such as allowing a shot or injection can be done in the ass right or left and so on. Nurses in this matter have acted arbitrarily on the weak.
The principle of this beneficience by Chiun and Jacobs (1997) defined in other words doing good that is doing its best. Beneficience is do our best and not harm othersdoes not harm the patient. If the harm, but according to the patient it is best then the nurse should appreciate these patients, so that the decisions taken perawatpun is best for the patient and family. Beneficience means, just do something good. Goodness, require the prevention of misconduct or crime, elimination of errors or crime and increased the goodness by myself and others. Sometimes, in the situation of health services, there is a conflict between this principle with autonomy. Some examples of these principles in the application of nursing practice is, a patient experiencing bleeding after childbirth, according to the patient’s therapy program should be given blood, tranfusi but the patient had a belief that giving tranfusi conflict with , thus the nurse take the best action in the framework of the implementation of the principle of the moral is don’t give a tranfusi after a patient gives a written statement about the penolakanya. The nurse did not provide tranfusi, but it is dangerous to patients, in this case a nurse trying to do the best and appreciate the patient.
Ethical Principles In Nursing Ana is Every individual should get the same action, it is a principle of justice (Perry and Potter, 1998; 326). Justice is justice, the principle of justice, this is the basis of nursing actions for a nurse to do justice in each patient, meaning that every patient is entitled to the same action. The principle of Justice is needed to terpai the same and fair towards others who uphold moral principles, legal and humanitarian. This value is reflected in the professional prkatek when nurses worked for the correct therapy according the law, standard practices and beliefs to obtain quality health care.
3.Keep The Promise (Fidelity)
A profession have an oath and promise, when a nurse means being ready to take up an oath and promise. Hudak and Gallo (1997:105), explains that making a promise or oath is the principle of fidelity or loyalty. Thus fidelity could be interpreted faithfully in the oath and promise. Chiun and Jacobs (1997:40) write about fidelity equal to keeping promises, namely nurses during the work have a good intention to hold the oath of fealty and promises. The principle of fidelity required individuals to respect the promise and its commitment towards others. Nurses and loyal to its commitment to implement the promise as well as keep a secret client. Obedience, loyalty, is the obligation of a person to retain the commitment he had made. Loyalty, describes the compliance of nurses against the code of conduct which States that the fundamental responsibility of the nurse is to promote health, prevent illness, restore health and minimize suffering.
4. Secrecy (Confidentiality)
rules in the principle of confidentiality is the client to be kept informed about the privacy of the client. Everything that is contained in the document the client health records should only be read in the context of the treatment of the client. No one can acquire such information unless permitted by the client with the proof approval. Discussion about the client area outside the Ministry, delivered on friends or family about the client with other health care personnel should be avoided.
Accountability (Accountability) is a standard of accountability that is sure that a professional can be assessed if the situation is not clear or without exception.
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